HESI A2
HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test 2023
1. Which of the following organs is involved in the immune system?
- A. Heart
- B. Bronchi
- C. Appendix
- D. Esophagus
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The appendix is involved in the immune system as it is believed to play a role in maintaining and protecting beneficial gut bacteria, especially after gastrointestinal illnesses. This helps in restoring the balance of intestinal bacteria crucial for immune function. The heart (Choice A), bronchi (Choice B), and esophagus (Choice D) are not directly involved in the immune system's functions. The heart pumps blood, the bronchi are part of the respiratory system, and the esophagus is responsible for transporting food to the stomach.
2. How many liters are in 2500 milliliters?
- A. 2.5 liters
- B. 1.5 liters
- C. 3.5 liters
- D. 0.25 liters
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 2.5 liters. There are 1,000 milliliters in a liter. To convert 2,500 milliliters to liters, you need to divide by 1,000: 2,500 / 1,000 = 2.5 liters. Choice B (1.5 liters) is incorrect because it miscalculates the conversion. Choice C (3.5 liters) is incorrect as it overestimates the conversion. Choice D (0.25 liters) is incorrect as it underestimates the conversion. Therefore, the correct conversion is 2.5 liters.
3. Scientific notation is a way to represent very large or small numbers in a compact form. If a number is written as 4.82 x 10^3, what is the value of the number in standard form?
- A. 0.004 82
- B. 0.482
- C. 4820
- D. 4820000
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Rationale: When a number is written in scientific notation as \(a \times 10^n\), the value of the number in standard form is obtained by multiplying \(a\) by \(10^n\). In this case, the number is \(4.82 \times 10^3\). To convert this to standard form, we multiply 4.82 by \(10^3\), which means moving the decimal point 3 places to the right. \(4.82 \times 10^3 = 4820\) Therefore, the value of the number in standard form is 4820, which corresponds to option C.
4. What is the correct electron configuration for nitrogen?
- A. 1s² 2s²
- B. 1s² 2s² 2p²
- C. 1s² 2s² 2p³
- D. 1s² 2s² 2p⁴
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The electron configuration of nitrogen is determined by its atomic number, which is 7. Nitrogen has 7 electrons. Following the order of filling orbitals, the electron configuration for nitrogen is 1s² 2s² 2p³. This means the first energy level is filled with 2 electrons in the 1s orbital, the second energy level is filled with 2 electrons in the 2s orbital, and 3 electrons in the 2p orbital. Each orbital can hold a specific number of electrons, and nitrogen, with its 7 electrons, fits this configuration. Choice A is incorrect because it does not account for all the electrons in the nitrogen atom. Choice B is incorrect as it only represents 6 electrons, not the 7 electrons in nitrogen. Choice D is incorrect as it represents 8 electrons, which is not the correct electron configuration for nitrogen.
5. How many ounces are in a gallon?
- A. 120 oz
- B. 128 oz
- C. 100 oz
- D. 105 oz
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 128 oz. There are 128 ounces in a gallon. This is a standard conversion factor in the US customary system. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because they do not reflect the accurate conversion of ounces in a gallon.
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