HESI A2
HESI A2 Practice Test Anatomy and Physiology
1. Which of the following structures regulates the transport of substances in and out of a cell?
- A. Nucleus
- B. Cell membrane
- C. Cytoplasm
- D. Mitochondria
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The cell membrane, also known as the plasma membrane, is responsible for regulating the transport of substances in and out of the cell. It acts as a selective barrier, allowing the passage of certain molecules while restricting others. This selective permeability helps maintain homeostasis within the cell by controlling the movement of essential substances like nutrients and waste products. The nucleus (Choice A) is the organelle that houses the cell's genetic material and is not directly involved in regulating substance transport. Cytoplasm (Choice C) is the gel-like substance that fills the cell and does not play a direct role in regulating substance transport. Mitochondria (Choice D) are responsible for energy production in the cell through cellular respiration and are not primarily involved in substance transport.
2. When balanced, the reaction Fe + O₂ → FeO will be?
- A. 2Fe + 2O₂ → 3FeO
- B. 4Fe + 6O₂ → 6FeO
- C. 2Fe + 3O₂ → 2FeO
- D. 4Fe + 3O₂ → 2FeO
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To balance the chemical equation Fe + O₂ → FeO, the coefficients needed are 2 for Fe and 1 for O. Therefore, the balanced equation becomes 2Fe + O₂ → 2FeO, which translates into 2Fe + 3O₂ → 2FeO. This corresponds to option C. Choice A has the incorrect number of oxygen molecules. Choice B has an incorrect number of Fe atoms on the product side. Choice D also has an incorrect number of Fe atoms on the product side.
3. A die is rolled. What is the probability of getting a 5?
- A. 50%
- B. 20%
- C. 16.60%
- D. 83.30%
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C (16.60%). When rolling a standard 6-sided die, the probability of getting a 5 is 1/6 or approximately 16.6%. Choice A (50%) is incorrect as it represents the probability of getting a specific number on a coin flip, not a die roll. Choice B (20%) is incorrect as it does not reflect the probability of rolling a 5 on a standard die. Choice D (83.30%) is incorrect as it is the complement of the probability of rolling a 5, which is not asked in the question.
4. If a nurse is CIRCUMSPECT with patient records, what is she doing?
- A. Acting carelessly
- B. Guarded
- C. Reckless
- D. Neglecting
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 'Guarded.' Circumspect means to be cautious or guarded. In this context, being circumspect with patient records implies being careful and cautious in handling them, maintaining confidentiality and privacy. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because circumspect does not mean acting carelessly, reckless, or neglecting; instead, it suggests being watchful and discreet.
5. What is the value of x in the ratio and proportion 0.1:10=x:400?
- A. 5
- B. 4
- C. 50
- D. 25
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To solve the proportion 0.1:10=x:400, first, simplify the left side to 1:100. Then, set up the proportion as 1:100=x:400. Cross multiply to get x = 4. Therefore, the correct answer is B. Choice A (5) is incorrect because it does not match the calculated value of x. Choice C (50) is incorrect as it is not the result of solving the proportion provided. Choice D (25) is incorrect as it does not align with the correct calculation of x.
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