HESI A2
Quizlet HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology
1. Which of the following is a structure found in the upper respiratory tract?
- A. Pharynx
- B. Larynx
- C. Trachea
- D. Esophagus
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The pharynx is a structure found in the upper respiratory tract. It serves as a common pathway for both air and food, playing a crucial role in directing air to the trachea and food to the esophagus. The larynx, trachea, and esophagus are important structures in the respiratory and digestive systems, but the pharynx specifically belongs to the upper respiratory tract, making it the correct answer.
2. What is the primary function of red blood cells?
- A. Clotting blood
- B. Transporting oxygen
- C. Fighting infection
- D. Carrying hormones
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The primary function of red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and organs. This is essential for cellular respiration and overall body functions. Red blood cells do not play a role in clotting blood, fighting infection, or carrying hormones. Choice A is incorrect because clotting blood is primarily done by platelets and other components of blood. Choice C is incorrect as fighting infection is a function mainly carried out by white blood cells. Choice D is incorrect because carrying hormones is primarily attributed to proteins like albumin and specific hormone-carrying proteins.
3. How many grams are in 8 kilograms?
- A. 80000 grams
- B. 800 grams
- C. 80000 grams
- D. 8000 grams
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To convert kilograms to grams, you multiply by 1,000 since there are 1,000 grams in a kilogram. Therefore, 8 kilograms = 8 x 1,000 = 8,000 grams. The correct answer is 8,000 grams, which is option D. Choices A and C are incorrect as they incorrectly multiply by 10,000 instead of 1,000. Choice B is incorrect as it divides 8 by 10 instead of multiplying by 1,000.
4. In the time required to serve 43 customers, a server breaks 2 glasses and slips 5 times. The next day, the same server breaks 10 glasses. How many customers did she serve?
- A. 25
- B. 43
- C. 86
- D. 215
Correct answer: C
Rationale: In the first scenario, for 43 customers served, the server broke 2 glasses and slipped 5 times. This means for each customer served, the server broke 2/43 glasses and slipped 5/43 times. The information about breaking 10 glasses the next day is irrelevant to the number of customers served. Therefore, to find out the total number of customers served, we calculate 43 customers * (2 glasses/customer + 5 slips/customer) = 86. Choice A, 25, is incorrect as it does not consider the total number of glasses broken or slips. Choice B, 43, is incorrect because it only considers the initial number of customers. Choice D, 215, is incorrect as it miscalculates the relationship between customers, glasses broken, and slips.
5. What is the result of dividing 4 7/8 by 1 1/6?
- A. 4 5/28
- B. 4 7/8
- C. 5 8/14
- D. 5 3/28
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To divide mixed numbers, convert them to improper fractions and then multiply by the reciprocal of the divisor. Here, 4 7/8 = 39/8 and 1 1/6 = 7/6. Dividing 39/8 by 7/6 gives 39/8 รท 7/6 = 39/8 * 6/7 = 234/56 = 4 5/28. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not represent the correct result of dividing 4 7/8 by 1 1/6.
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