HESI A2
Chemistry HESI A2 Quizlet
1. What charge do alpha radiation particles have?
- A. -2
- B. 0
- C. +2
- D. +1
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C: +2. Alpha radiation particles consist of two protons and two neutrons, giving them a net charge of +2. This positive charge is due to the presence of the two protons in the nucleus of the alpha particle. Choice A (-2) is incorrect as alpha particles have a positive charge. Choice B (0) is incorrect as alpha particles carry a charge. Choice D (+1) is incorrect as alpha particles have a higher positive charge due to the presence of two protons.
2. If both parents have polydactylism, what percentage of their offspring is predicted to manifest the anomaly?
- A. 25%
- B. 50%
- C. 75%
- D. 100%
Correct answer: B
Rationale: When both parents have polydactylism, they each possess at least one dominant allele for polydactylism. Through a Punnett square analysis, it can be determined that 50% of their offspring will inherit the dominant allele from both parents. This results in a 100% chance of manifesting the anomaly (2 out of 4 possibilities). Therefore, 50% of the offspring are predicted to manifest the anomaly. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect as they do not align with the principles of Mendelian genetics and Punnett square analysis.
3. What is the author’s primary purpose in writing this essay?
- A. To persuade
- B. To entertain
- C. To analyze
- D. To reflect
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The author’s enthusiastic and supportive tone toward yoga—stating that it is an exercise that "everyone should try"—indicates a clear intent to persuade the audience about the benefits of yoga. This aligns with choice A, as the primary purpose of the essay is to promote yoga as a valuable practice
4. Which mineral supports the function of the thyroid?
- A. Manganese
- B. Iodine
- C. Phosphorus
- D. Zinc
Correct answer: B
Rationale: Iodine is the mineral that supports the function of the thyroid. The thyroid gland requires iodine to produce thyroid hormones, which are essential for regulating metabolism and other important bodily functions. A deficiency in iodine can lead to thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism or goiter. Manganese (Choice A), Phosphorus (Choice C), and Zinc (Choice D) do not play a direct role in supporting the thyroid function like iodine does. While these minerals are important for various bodily functions, they are not specifically required for the thyroid gland's hormone production.
5. A farmer's production statistics find that it takes 2 chickens to produce 6 eggs in 24 hours. How many chickens will be needed to produce 24 eggs in 24 hours?
- A. 12 chickens
- B. 4 chickens
- C. 3 chickens
- D. 8 chickens
Correct answer: D
Rationale: First, find how many eggs 1 chicken can produce in 24 hours. If 2 chickens produce 6 eggs: 6 eggs / 2 chickens = 3 eggs per chicken. To produce 24 eggs, we divide the required number of eggs by the production rate per chicken: 24 eggs / 3 eggs per chicken = 8 chickens. Therefore, the correct answer is D. 8 chickens. Choice A, 12 chickens, is incorrect because it does not consider the production rate per chicken. Choice B, 4 chickens, is incorrect as it does not account for the number of eggs needed. Choice C, 3 chickens, is incorrect because it miscalculates the production rate per chicken.
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