HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. How many grams are in 5 kilograms?
- A. 50,000 grams
- B. 500 grams
- C. 5,000 grams
- D. 50,000 grams
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C: 5,000 grams. There are 1,000 grams in a kilogram. Therefore, to convert kilograms to grams, you need to multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000. In this case, 5 kilograms is equal to 5 × 1,000 = 5,000 grams. Choices A and D are incorrect as they incorrectly multiply by 10,000 instead of 1,000. Choice B is incorrect as it divides instead of multiplies, leading to an incorrect conversion.
2. Convert 63 grams to mg.
- A. 630 mg.
- B. 63 mg.
- C. 63000 mg.
- D. 63,000 mg
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To convert grams to milligrams, you need to multiply by 1000 since there are 1000 milligrams in a gram. So, to convert 63 grams to milligrams, you would calculate 63 * 1000 = 63,000 milligrams. Therefore, the correct answer is 63,000 mg. Choice A (630 mg) is incorrect as it would be the converted value if the original amount was 0.63 grams. Choice B (63 mg) is incorrect as it is the same value as the original grams. Choice D (63,000 mg) is incorrect as it is the same as the correct answer, but with a comma which is not standard when expressing numerical values.
3. How many grams are in 4 kilograms?
- A. 4000 grams
- B. 3000 grams
- C. 4500 grams
- D. 3500 grams
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 4000 grams. To convert kilograms to grams, you need to multiply the number of kilograms by 1000 since there are 1000 grams in 1 kilogram. Therefore, 4 kilograms is equal to 4 x 1000 = 4000 grams. Choice B (3000 grams), C (4500 grams), and D (3500 grams) are incorrect as they do not correctly convert 4 kilograms into grams.
4. What is the result of dividing 3.44 by 0.6?
- A. 11.41
- B. 5.73
- C. 2.33
- D. 0.57
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 5.73. When dividing 3.44 by 0.6, the calculation is 3.44 ÷ 0.6 = 5.73. Choice A (11.41) is incorrect because it is the result of multiplying, not dividing. Choice C (2.33) and Choice D (0.57) are also incorrect results obtained by incorrect calculations.
5. Which part of cellular respiration produces the greatest amount of ATP?
- A. electron transport chain
- B. glycolysis
- C. citric acid cycle
- D. fermentation
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The electron transport chain (ETC) produces the greatest amount of ATP during cellular respiration. This process occurs in the inner mitochondrial membrane and involves the transfer of electrons through a series of protein complexes, creating a proton gradient that drives the synthesis of ATP. By utilizing the energy from the electron carriers NADH and FADH2 produced in earlier stages of cellular respiration, the ETC can generate a large amount of ATP efficiently through oxidative phosphorylation. Glycolysis only produces a small amount of ATP in comparison to the ETC. The citric acid cycle generates some ATP but not as much as the ETC. Fermentation does not produce ATP through oxidative phosphorylation and yields a much smaller amount of ATP compared to the ETC.
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