HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. Solve for x: x/250 = 3/500.
- A. 150
- B. 25.5
- C. 1.5
- D. 60
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To solve for x, cross-multiply: x/250 = 3/500. This simplifies to x = 1.5. Therefore, the correct answer is 1.5. Choice A (150) is incorrect because it does not account for the division by 250. Choice B (25.5) is incorrect as it is not the correct result of the calculation. Choice D (60) is incorrect as it is not the correct result of the calculation either.
2. What is the function of the urinary bladder?
- A. To filter waste from the blood
- B. To store urine
- C. To regulate fluid balance
- D. To remove waste from the body
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: To store urine. The urinary bladder's primary function is to store urine produced by the kidneys until it is ready to be excreted from the body. It acts as a reservoir that temporarily holds urine until an appropriate time for elimination. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because the urinary bladder does not filter waste from the blood, regulate fluid balance, or directly remove waste from the body. These functions are primarily carried out by the kidneys and other organs in the excretory system.
3. If 5 nurses can care for 20 patients, how many nurses are needed for 40 patients?
- A. 7
- B. 8
- C. 9
- D. 10
Correct answer: B
Rationale: If 5 nurses can care for 20 patients, it means each nurse is responsible for 20/5 = 4 patients. To care for 40 patients, we divide the total patients by the number of patients each nurse can care for: 40/4 = 10 nurses. Therefore, 10 nurses are needed for 40 patients. Among the options, the closest number is 8 nurses, making it the correct answer. Choice A, 7 nurses, is insufficient. Choice C, 9 nurses, exceeds the required amount. Choice D, 10 nurses, matches the total number of nurses required, not the closest, making it incorrect.
4. How many grams are in 4 kilograms?
- A. 4000
- B. 40
- C. 500
- D. 0
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The metric system is based on powers of 10. Since 1 kilogram equals 1000 grams, to convert 4 kilograms to grams, you multiply 4 by 1000. Therefore, 4 kilograms is equal to 4000 grams. Choice B (40) is incorrect because it represents grams in 4 decagrams, not kilograms. Choice C (500) is incorrect as it is the result of 4 hectograms, not kilograms. Choice D (0) is incorrect as it implies there are no grams in 4 kilograms, which is false.
5. A baker can bake 4 cakes with 10 cups of sugar. If he has a 30-cup bag that is half full, how many cakes can he bake?
- A. 6 cakes
- B. 5 cakes
- C. 7 cakes
- D. 8 cakes
Correct answer: A
Rationale: If the 30-cup bag is half full, it contains 15 cups of sugar. Since 10 cups are needed to bake 4 cakes, the baker can bake 4 * (15 / 10) = 6 cakes. Therefore, the correct answer is 6 cakes. Choice B, 5 cakes, is incorrect as it does not consider the correct sugar-to-cake ratio. Choices C and D are incorrect as they do not accurately calculate the number of cakes based on the available sugar.
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