HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. What is 72 inches converted to feet?
- A. 12 feet
- B. 6 feet
- C. 4 feet
- D. 17 feet
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To convert inches to feet, you divide the number of inches by 12 since there are 12 inches in a foot. Therefore, 72 inches divided by 12 equals 6 feet. The correct answer is 6 feet. Choice A, 12 feet, is incorrect as it is the result if we were converting 144 inches. Choice C, 4 feet, and Choice D, 17 feet, are incorrect conversions and do not correspond to the given measurement of 72 inches.
2. How much concentrated HCl should be used to prepare 500 mL of a 0.100 M HCl solution?
- A. 75 mL
- B. 100 mL
- C. 125 mL
- D. 150 mL
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To prepare a 0.100 M HCl solution with a volume of 500 mL, you can use the formula C1V1 = C2V2, where C1 is the concentration of the concentrated HCl solution, V1 is the volume of concentrated HCl solution used, C2 is the desired concentration (0.100 M), and V2 is the final volume (500 mL). Rearranging the formula to solve for V1, you get V1 = (C2V2) / C1. Plugging in the values (0.100 M)(500 mL) / C1 = 100 mL, which means 100 mL of concentrated HCl should be used to prepare 500 mL of a 0.100 M HCl solution. Therefore, the correct answer is 100 mL. Choice A (75 mL), Choice C (125 mL), and Choice D (150 mL) are incorrect as they do not match the calculated volume needed to prepare the desired concentration of HCl solution.
3. Which of the following structures is not directly involved in translation?
- A. tRNA
- B. mRNA
- C. ribosome
- D. DNA
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The correct answer is 'D: DNA.' DNA is not directly involved in translation, which is the process of synthesizing proteins from mRNA. tRNA carries amino acids to the ribosome, mRNA provides the template for protein synthesis, and ribosomes are the cellular machinery where translation occurs. DNA's main role is in transcription, where it serves as the template for mRNA synthesis, not in translation.
4. A spring has a spring constant of 20 N/m. How much force is needed to compress the spring from 40 cm to 30 cm?
- A. 200 N
- B. 80 N
- C. 5 N
- D. 2 N
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The change in length of the spring is 40 cm - 30 cm = 10 cm = 0.10 m. The force required to compress or stretch a spring is given by Hooke's Law: F = k × x, where F is the force, k is the spring constant (20 N/m in this case), and x is the change in length (0.10 m). Substituting the values into the formula: F = 20 N/m × 0.10 m = 2 N. Therefore, the correct answer is 2 N. Choice A (200 N) is incorrect because it miscalculates the force. Choice B (80 N) is incorrect as it does not apply Hooke's Law correctly. Choice C (5 N) is incorrect as it underestimates the force required.
5. Select the word or phrase that makes the following sentence grammatically correct. Kalinda spends part of her day ___________ data from the lab.
- A. inputs
- B. input
- C. having input
- D. inputting
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The correct form in this sentence is 'inputting,' as it is the gerund form of the verb 'input.' The gerund form is used to show that Kalinda spends part of her day engaging in the ongoing action of inputting data from the lab. Choice A ('inputs') is incorrect as it is the third-person singular form of the verb, which does not fit here. Choice B ('input') is incorrect as it is the base form of the verb and does not convey the ongoing action required in this context. Choice C ('having input') is incorrect as it suggests a completed action rather than an ongoing one.
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