HESI A2
Math HESI A2 Practice Test
1. A farmer has 240 acres under cultivation at the cost of $188.99 per acre. If he averages a yield of 60 bushels per acre, what profit is expected if the price per bushel is $5.67?
- A. $36,290.40
- B. $45,357.60
- C. $81,648
- D. $44,000
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To calculate the profit, first find the total revenue: 240 acres × 60 bushels/acre × $5.67/bushel = $81,648. Then, calculate the total cost: 240 acres × $188.99/acre = $45,357.60. Finally, subtract the cost from the revenue to find the profit: $81,648 - $45,357.60 = $36,290.40. Therefore, the expected profit is $36,290.40. Choice B, $45,357.60, is the total cost, not the profit. Choice C, $81,648, is the total revenue, not the profit. Choice D, $44,000, is an arbitrary figure and not related to the calculations provided. Thus, the correct answer is $36,290.40.
2. A treatment that is detrimental is ___________.
- A. risk-free
- B. destructive
- C. agonizing
- D. effective
Correct answer: B
Rationale: A treatment that is detrimental is considered destructive because it causes harm or damage rather than benefiting the individual. In this context, 'detrimental' implies that the treatment has negative effects and is harmful rather than helpful. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because a detrimental treatment is not risk-free, agonizing, or effective; instead, it is harmful and damaging.
3. The skull is positioned ________ to the spinal cord.
- A. anterior
- B. posterior
- C. lateral
- D. superior
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The correct answer is D. The skull is superior to the spinal cord, meaning it is located above the spinal cord in anatomical position. Superior in anatomy refers to a structure being positioned higher or above another structure in the body. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because they refer to different directional relationships. Anterior means in front of, posterior means behind, and lateral means to the side. In this case, the relationship between the skull and the spinal cord is based on a superior-inferior orientation.
4. The metric system of measurement was developed in France during Napoleon's reign. It is based on what multiplication factor?
- A. The length of Napoleon's forearm
- B. 2
- C. 10
- D. Atomic weight of helium
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The metric system is based on powers of 10, making calculations and conversions easier because each unit increases or decreases by a factor of 10. This factor allows for a simple and consistent way to move between different units within the system. Choice A, 'The length of Napoleon's forearm' is incorrect as the metric system is not based on a physical attribute but on a standardized mathematical factor. Choice B, '2,' and Choice D, 'Atomic weight of helium,' are also incorrect as they do not align with the foundational principle of the metric system being based on powers of 10.
5. What is the probability of rolling a 2 on a six-sided die?
- A. 1/6
- B. 1/4
- C. 1/3
- D. 1/2
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 1/6. A six-sided die has one face with a '2' out of six possible outcomes (numbers 1 to 6). Therefore, the probability of rolling a 2 is 1/6. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect because they do not reflect the specific probability of rolling a 2 on a six-sided die.
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