HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. A farmer wants to plant trees at the outside boundaries of his rectangular field with dimensions 650 meters × 780 meters. Each tree requires 5 meters of free space all around it from the stem. How much free area will be left?
- A. 478,800 m²
- B. 492,800 m²
- C. 507,625 m²
- D. 518,256 m²
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To calculate the area taken by the trees, we need to account for the space each tree requires. Each tree needs 5 meters of free space all around it, totaling 10 meters added to each dimension. Therefore, the new dimensions of the field are (650-10) meters by (780-10) meters. Calculating the area of the new field: (640m × 770m = 492,800m²). To find the free area remaining, subtract the new field's area from the original field's area: 507,000m² - 492,800m² = 14,200m². Therefore, the free area left after planting the trees is 14,200m². Choice A is the correct answer as it represents the free area left after planting the trees.
2. How many kilometers are there in 12 miles?
- A. 7.5 kilometers
- B. 13.2 kilometers
- C. 19.2 kilometers
- D. 22 kilometers
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To convert miles to kilometers, you can use the conversion factor of 1 mile is equal to 1.609 kilometers. Therefore, to find the number of kilometers in 12 miles, you can multiply 12 miles by 1.609 to get 19.2 kilometers. The correct answer is 19.2 kilometers, making choice C the correct option. Choice A (7.5 kilometers) is incorrect because it represents half the correct conversion. Choice B (13.2 kilometers) is incorrect as it does not apply the correct conversion factor. Choice D (22 kilometers) is incorrect and represents an incorrect conversion calculation.
3. Solve for x: 3:2 :: 24:x
- A. 16
- B. 12
- C. 2
- D. 22
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To solve the proportion 3:2 :: 24:x, we set up the equation 3/2 = 24/x. Cross multiply to get 3x = 48, then divide by 3 to find x = 16. Therefore, the correct answer is 16. Choice B (12) is incorrect as it does not satisfy the proportion. Choice C (2) is incorrect as it does not match the relationship between the numbers given. Choice D (22) is incorrect as it is not the solution to the proportion equation.
4. How many ounces are in 2.5 quarts?
- A. 64 ounces
- B. 40 ounces
- C. 32 ounces
- D. 80 ounces
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To convert quarts to ounces, you need to know that 1 quart is equal to 32 ounces. Therefore, to find out how many ounces are in 2.5 quarts, you multiply 2.5 by 32, which equals 80 ounces. So, the correct answer is 80 ounces. Choice A (64 ounces) is incorrect as it miscalculates the conversion. Choice B (40 ounces) is incorrect as it does not consider the correct conversion factor. Choice C (32 ounces) is incorrect as it provides the conversion for 1 quart only, not for 2.5 quarts.
5. What is the result of subtracting 7 7/10 from 3 4/5?
- A. 3 9/10
- B. 4
- C. 3
- D. 5
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To subtract 7 7/10 from 3 4/5, first convert 3 4/5 to have the same denominator as 7 7/10. Converting 4/5 to 8/10, the subtraction becomes 7 7/10 - 3 8/10. Subtracting, 7 - 3 = 4 and 7/10 - 8/10 = -1/10. Therefore, the result is 3 4/5 - 7 7/10 = 3 9/10. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect because they do not reflect the correct subtraction of fractions and whole numbers in this scenario.
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