HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice
1. A teacher's aide must convert the directions from quarts to liters. The directions say to dilute the contents of a package in 3 quarts of water. How many liters should be used?
- A. 2.8 liters
- B. 3.5 liters
- C. 2.5 liters
- D. 4.0 liters
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert quarts to liters, you can multiply the number of quarts by 0.946353. In this case, 3 quarts is approximately 2.8 liters. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.8 liters. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not reflect the accurate conversion from quarts to liters.
2. Percent Increase/Decrease: A medication dosage is increased by 20%. If the original dosage was 100mg, what is the new dosage?
- A. 80mg
- B. 100mg
- C. 120mg
- D. 140mg
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Calculate the increase in dosage: 100mg * 20% = 100mg * 0.20 = 20mg. Add the increase to the original dosage to find the new dosage: 100mg + 20mg = 120mg. Therefore, the new dosage is 120mg after a 20% increase from the original 100mg dosage. Choice A (80mg) is incorrect because it represents a decrease rather than an increase. Choice B (100mg) is the original dosage and does not account for the 20% increase. Choice D (140mg) is incorrect as it is the original dosage plus 40%, not the 20% increase specified.
3. If a person can type 45 words per minute, how many words can they type in 20 minutes?
- A. 800 words
- B. 850 words
- C. 900 words
- D. 750 words
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To find out how many words a person can type in 20 minutes at a speed of 45 words per minute, you multiply the typing speed (45 words/minute) by the duration (20 minutes): 45 words/minute x 20 minutes = 900 words. Hence, the correct answer is 900 words. Choice A (800 words) is incorrect because it results from multiplying 45 words per minute by 18 minutes, not 20. Choice B (850 words) is incorrect as it is not the product of 45 words per minute and 20 minutes. Choice D (750 words) is incorrect because it is the outcome of multiplying 45 words per minute by 15 minutes, not 20.
4. Solve for x: x + 44 / 2x = 11.
- A. 13
- B. 33
- C. 55
- D. 2.5
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To solve the equation x + 44 / 2x = 11, first, divide 44 by 2x to simplify it to x + 22/x = 11. Multiply through by x to clear the fraction, resulting in x^2 + 22 = 11x. Rearrange the terms to get x^2 - 11x + 22 = 0. Factor the quadratic equation to (x - 11)(x - 2) = 0. Therefore, x = 11 or x = 2. However, x cannot be 2 as it would make the denominator zero. Hence, x = 13. The correct answer is 13. Choice B (33) is incorrect as it is not a solution to the equation. Choice C (55) is incorrect as it is not a solution to the equation. Choice D (2.5) is incorrect as it is not a whole number and does not satisfy the equation.
5. Multiply 12 by 15 and express the result as a decimal:
- A. 0.0018
- B. 0.018
- C. 0.18
- D. 1.8
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To find the product of 12 and 15, you simply multiply them together. 12 multiplied by 15 equals 180. To express 180 as a decimal, you divide by 100. Therefore, the correct answer is 1.8. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect as they represent values that are not the correct result of multiplying 12 by 15 and converting it to a decimal.
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