HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. The metric system of measurement was developed in France during Napoleon's reign. It is based on what multiplication factor?
- A. The length of Napoleon's forearm
- B. 2
- C. 10
- D. Atomic weight of helium
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The metric system is based on powers of 10, making calculations and conversions easier because each unit increases or decreases by a factor of 10. This factor allows for a simple and consistent way to move between different units within the system. Choice A, 'The length of Napoleon's forearm' is incorrect as the metric system is not based on a physical attribute but on a standardized mathematical factor. Choice B, '2,' and Choice D, 'Atomic weight of helium,' are also incorrect as they do not align with the foundational principle of the metric system being based on powers of 10.
2. What is 39 ÷ 8 ÷ 7/6?
- A. 56/39
- B. 39/8
- C. 4 & 7/8
- D. 5 & 8/14
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To solve the division problem, we need to remember the rule 'Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.' Therefore, 39 ÷ 8 ÷ 7/6 is equivalent to 39 ÷ 8 × 6/7. Simplifying this gives (39 × 6) ÷ (8 × 7) = 234 ÷ 56 = 56/39. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not correctly simplify the given division problem.
3. A plan for a barn is drawn on a 1:30 scale. If the width of a barn door on the plan measures 3 inches, what is the actual width of the finished door?
- A. 90 inches
- B. 10 feet
- C. 9 feet
- D. 7.5 feet
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The scale of 1:30 means that 1 inch on the plan represents 30 inches in actual size. If the width of the barn door on the plan is 3 inches, the actual width is calculated by multiplying 3 inches by the scale factor (30), giving 90 inches. To convert inches to feet, divide by 12 (since 12 inches = 1 foot), resulting in 90 inches ÷ 12 = 7.5 feet. Therefore, the correct answer is 10 feet (option B), not 7.5 feet. Option A (90 inches) is the result before converting to feet, option C (9 feet) is the incorrect conversion if the initial calculation was done correctly, and option D (7.5 feet) is the incorrect conversion of the initial calculation.
4. If 9 out of 75 band members missed practice, what percentage of band members missed practice?
- A. 10%
- B. 12%
- C. 15%
- D. 18%
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To calculate the percentage of band members who missed practice, divide the number of members who missed practice (9) by the total number of band members (75) and multiply by 100. (9/75) * 100 = 12%. Therefore, 12% of the band members missed practice. Choice A (10%) is incorrect because it is not the correct calculation result. Choices C (15%) and D (18%) are also incorrect as they do not reflect the accurate percentage of band members who missed practice.
5. How many meters are in 3 kilometers?
- A. 3000 meters
- B. 2000 meters
- C. 3500 meters
- D. 2500 meters
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 3000 meters. To convert kilometers to meters, you need to know that there are 1000 meters in 1 kilometer. Therefore, to find the number of meters in 3 kilometers, you multiply 3 by 1000, resulting in 3000 meters. Choice B, 2000 meters, is incorrect as it doesn't account for the correct conversion factor. Choice C, 3500 meters, and Choice D, 2500 meters, are also incorrect as they provide inaccurate conversions.
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