HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. Subtract 12 1/8 - 9 1/2.
- A. 2 5/8
- B. 3 1/8
- C. 4 1/2
- D. 4 2/3
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To subtract mixed numbers, first subtract the fractions: 1/8 - 1/2 = -3/8. Then, subtract the whole numbers: 12 - 9 = 3. Combine the whole number and fraction: 3 - 3/8 = 2 5/8. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Choice B is incorrect because it does not reflect the correct subtraction of the fractions. Choices C and D are incorrect as they do not result from the correct subtraction process outlined above.
2. A nurse works in a neonatal unit where infants' weights are measured in grams. What is the equivalent of 1,500 grams in pounds?
- A. 3.3 lbs
- B. 3.3 lbs
- C. 3.3 lbs
- D. 3.3 lbs
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert grams to pounds, you can use the conversion factor: 1 pound = 453.59237 grams. Therefore, to find the equivalent of 1,500 grams in pounds, divide 1,500 by 453.59237 to get approximately 3.3 pounds. Choice A is the correct answer because it accurately represents the conversion. Choices B, C, and D are duplicates and do not provide an alternative option.
3. A table shows the average blood pressure readings for different age groups. How do you determine the highest average systolic pressure?
- A. Find the largest number in the "systolic pressure" column.
- B. Compare the means (averages) of each age group.
- C. Add all systolic pressure values and divide by the total number of patients.
- D. Subtract the lowest systolic pressure from the highest.
Correct answer: A
Rationale: Rationale: - To determine the highest average systolic pressure, you need to identify the highest individual systolic pressure reading in the dataset. - Option A instructs you to find the largest number in the "systolic pressure" column, which directly addresses the task of identifying the highest systolic pressure reading. - Comparing means (Option B) would not necessarily give you the highest individual systolic pressure reading, as averages can be influenced by the distribution of values within each age group. - Adding all systolic pressure values and dividing by the total number of patients (Option C) would give you the overall average systolic pressure, not the highest individual reading. - Subtracting the lowest systolic pressure from the highest (Option D) would give you the range of systolic pressures, not specifically the highest individual reading. Therefore, the correct approach to determine the highest average systolic pressure
4. What is the sum of 3/7, 4/7, and 2/7?
- A. 7/7
- B. 9/7
- C. 6/7
- D. 7/7
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To find the sum of fractions with the same denominator, add the numerators. Here, 3/7 + 4/7 + 2/7 = (3 + 4 + 2)/7 = 9/7. Therefore, the correct answer is 9/7. Choice A (7/7) is incorrect as the sum is not 7/7. Choice C (6/7) is incorrect as the sum is not 6/7. Choice D (7/7) is incorrect as the sum is not 7/7.
5. A decorative globe has a diameter of 25cm. What is its total surface area?
- A. 1570 sq cm
- B. 1963 sq cm
- C. 2513 sq cm
- D. 3142 sq cm
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To find the total surface area of a sphere, you can use the formula: 4 * π * (radius)^2, where the radius is half the diameter. Given that the diameter is 25cm, the radius is half of that, which is 12.5cm. Substitute this value into the formula: 4 * π * (12.5cm)^2 ≈ 1963 sq cm. Therefore, the total surface area of the decorative globe is approximately 1963 sq cm. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect as they do not correspond to the correct calculation.
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