HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. Joe makes $20 an hour and Tim makes $30 an hour. How many more hours than Tim must Joe work to earn the same amount that Tim makes in 4 hours?
- A. 1 hour
- B. 2 hours
- C. 3 hours
- D. 4 hours
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To earn the same amount that Tim makes in 4 hours, Tim earns $30 per hour, totaling $120 in 4 hours. Joe earns $20 per hour, so to match Tim's earnings in 4 hours, Joe must work 2 hours more than Tim. Therefore, Joe needs to work 2 hours more than Tim to earn the same amount that Tim makes in 4 hours. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect as they do not accurately reflect the additional hours Joe needs to work compared to Tim to earn the same amount in 4 hours.
2. On the periodic table, where are atoms with the largest atomic radius located?
- A. At the top of their group
- B. In the middle of their group
- C. At the bottom of their group
- D. Along the right-hand side
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Atoms with the largest atomic radius are located at the bottom of their group on the periodic table. This is because atomic radius increases down a group due to the addition of more energy levels or shells of electrons. As you move down a group, the outermost electrons are further away from the nucleus, leading to an increase in atomic radius. Choice A 'At the top of their group' is incorrect because atomic radius decreases going up within a group. Choice B 'In the middle of their group' is incorrect as the atomic radius generally increases as you go down a group, not in the middle. Choice D 'Along the right-hand side' is incorrect because atomic radius tends to decrease from left to right across a period on the periodic table due to increased nuclear charge and effective nuclear charge.
3. What is the primary function of the lymphatic system?
- A. Transport oxygen to cells
- B. Remove carbon dioxide from the body
- C. Produce hormones
- D. Transport nutrients
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: Remove carbon dioxide from the body. The primary function of the lymphatic system is to return excess tissue fluid to the bloodstream and assist in the body's defense against infections by filtering out harmful pathogens and foreign particles. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because transporting oxygen to cells is mainly done by the circulatory system, hormone production is primarily carried out by endocrine glands, and nutrient transport is also a function of the circulatory system and the digestive system, not the lymphatic system.
4. A train takes 1.5 hours at a constant speed of 65 mph to arrive at the destination. How many miles did the train travel?
- A. 97.5 miles
- B. 100 miles
- C. 98 miles
- D. 95 miles
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To calculate the distance traveled, multiply the speed by the time taken: 65 mph × 1.5 hours = 97.5 miles. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Choice B (100 miles) is incorrect as it results from rounding up, which is not necessary. Choice C (98 miles) and Choice D (95 miles) are incorrect as they do not reflect the correct calculation based on the given speed and time.
5. How many electron pairs are shared to form a triple covalent bond?
- A. 1
- B. 2
- C. 3
- D. 4
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C. In a triple covalent bond, three pairs of electrons are shared between two atoms. This sharing results in a total of six electrons being shared, making the bond strong. Choice A (1) is incorrect because a single covalent bond involves the sharing of one pair of electrons. Choice B (2) is incorrect as a double covalent bond consists of the sharing of two pairs of electrons. Choice D (4) is incorrect because there are only three pairs of electrons shared in a triple covalent bond, not four.
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