HESI A2
Math HESI A2 Practice Test
1. If Kevin can wash 30 cars in 15 minutes, how many minutes will it take him to wash 100 cars?
- A. 50 minutes
- B. 55 minutes
- C. 30 minutes
- D. 45 minutes
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To find out how many minutes Kevin will take to wash 100 cars, set up a proportion: 30 cars is to 15 minutes as 100 cars is to x minutes. Cross multiplying gives 30x = 1500. Solving for x, x = 1500 / 30 = 50. Therefore, it will take Kevin 50 minutes to wash 100 cars. Choice A is correct. Choice B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not correctly calculate the time needed based on the given information.
2. Which statement is not listed as a detail within the passage?
- A. Changes in the ECG are typically used for the diagnosis of abnormal cardiac rhythm.
- B. The signal has a characteristic record called the electrocardiogram.
- C. The 'wave of excitation' starts at the SA node.
- D. The 'wave of excitation' spreads through the heart wall and is accompanied by electric changes.
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The corrected statement should be: Changes in the ECG are not typically used for the diagnosis of abnormal cardiac rhythm. The passage mentions that the heart sends out electric currents in waves, and the 'wave of excitation' spreads through the heart wall accompanied by electric changes. It details the process of how the heart's electric impulses are recorded and how abnormalities can be detected. However, it does not state that ECG changes are specifically used for diagnosing abnormal cardiac rhythms. Choice A is the correct answer because it misrepresents the information provided in the passage. Choices B, C, and D are all supported by the passage and align with the details mentioned regarding the electrocardiogram and the wave of excitation in the heart.
3. What is the role of the pancreas in digestion?
- A. To secrete digestive enzymes
- B. To store bile
- C. To absorb nutrients
- D. To transport glucose
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: To secrete digestive enzymes. The pancreas is responsible for secreting digestive enzymes that aid in breaking down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the small intestine, facilitating the process of digestion. Choice B is incorrect because the pancreas does not store bile; that is primarily the function of the gallbladder. Choice C is incorrect as the absorption of nutrients mainly occurs in the small intestine, not the pancreas. Choice D is incorrect as the transport of glucose is primarily regulated by insulin produced in the pancreas, but this is not the main role of the pancreas in digestion.
4. Two 5-ohm resistors are placed in series and wired into a 100-V power supply. What current flows through this circuit?
- A. 2 A
- B. 10 A
- C. 20 A
- D. 50 A
Correct answer: B
Rationale: In a series circuit, the total resistance is the sum of the individual resistances. Therefore, the total resistance in this circuit is 5 ohms + 5 ohms = 10 ohms. Using Ohm's Law (V = I × R), we can find the current (I) by dividing the voltage (V) by the total resistance (R). I = V / R = 100 V / 10 ohms = 10 A. Choice A (2 A) is incorrect because it does not account for the total resistance of the circuit. Choice C (20 A) and Choice D (50 A) are also incorrect as they provide values that are not consistent with the calculations based on the given values in the question.
5. How many gallons are in 3 fluid ounces?
- A. 0.0234 gallons
- B. 0.5 gallons
- C. 0.38 gallons
- D. 0.12 gallons
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert fluid ounces to gallons, you need to divide the number of fluid ounces by 128 because there are 128 fluid ounces in 1 gallon. Therefore, 3 fluid ounces ÷ 128 equals approximately 0.0234 gallons. Choice A is correct. Choice B (0.5 gallons) is incorrect as it is equivalent to 64 fluid ounces, not 3. Choice C (0.38 gallons) and Choice D (0.12 gallons) are also incorrect conversions of 3 fluid ounces to gallons.
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