HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. If a dozen roses cost $36, how much will four roses cost?
- A. $9
- B. $12
- C. $10
- D. $15
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To find the cost of each rose, divide the total cost by the number of roses in a dozen: $36 ÷ 12 = $3 per rose. Therefore, 4 roses will cost 4 × $3 = $12. Choice A ($9) is incorrect because it miscalculates the cost per rose. Choice C ($10) is incorrect as it doesn't consider the correct division of the total cost. Choice D ($15) is incorrect as it overestimates the cost of four roses.
2. The nurse noted in the chart, 'The patient is lethargic.' How was the patient behaving?
- A. Pacing the halls
- B. Difficult to arouse
- C. Shaking uncontrollably
- D. Not responding to pain
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 'Difficult to arouse.' 'Lethargic' is a medical term used to describe a state of drowsiness or lack of energy, making the patient difficult to arouse. Choices A, C, and D describe different behaviors that are not indicative of lethargy. A patient who is pacing the halls is more likely to be agitated, while shaking uncontrollably may suggest tremors or seizures. Not responding to pain indicates a lack of reaction to painful stimuli but does not directly reflect being lethargic.
3. What is the SI unit for quantifying the transfer of energy due to an applied force?
- A. Newton (N)
- B. Meter per second (m/s)
- C. Joule (J)
- D. Kilogram (kg)
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C: Joule (J). The joule is the SI unit used to quantify the transfer of energy due to an applied force. It is defined as the work done when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. Newton (N) is the unit of force, not energy transfer. Meter per second (m/s) is the unit of speed, not energy transfer. Kilogram (kg) is the unit of mass, not energy transfer. Therefore, the correct unit for quantifying the transfer of energy due to an applied force is the joule (J).
4. Subtract and simplify: 8¼ − 1½.
- A. 4¼
- B. 6¾
- C. 6⅞
- D. 7¼
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To subtract mixed numbers, convert them to improper fractions. 8¼ = 33/4 and 1½ = 3/2. Subtracting, we get 33/4 - 3/2 = 33/4 - 6/4 = 27/4 = 6¾, which simplifies to 4¼. Therefore, the correct answer is 4¼. Choice B is incorrect as it represents the intermediate step of 6¾ before simplification. Choice C is incorrect as it is the result of the subtraction but not simplified. Choice D is incorrect as it is the original mixed number 7¼, not the simplified result.
5. What is the role of platelets in the blood?
- A. To transport oxygen
- B. To fight infections
- C. To clot blood
- D. To carry nutrients
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, play a crucial role in blood clotting. When there is an injury, platelets adhere to the site and release substances that form a clot, preventing excessive bleeding. This function is vital for maintaining hemostasis and preventing blood loss. Choice A is incorrect because red blood cells, not platelets, are responsible for transporting oxygen. Choice B is incorrect as white blood cells are primarily responsible for fighting infections. Choice D is incorrect as nutrients are mainly transported by plasma and red blood cells, not platelets.
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