HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice
1. How many ounces are in 3 5/8 quarts?
- A. 184 oz
- B. 132 oz
- C. 128 oz
- D. 320 oz
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert quarts to ounces, we need to know that 1 quart is equal to 32 ounces. To find out how many ounces are in 3 5/8 quarts, we multiply 3 quarts by 32 (96) and add the equivalent of 5/8 of a quart, which is 16 ounces (32 * 5/8 = 16). Adding these together gives us a total of 112 ounces. Therefore, the correct answer is 184 ounces. Choice B (132 oz) is incorrect as it does not account for the additional 16 ounces from the 5/8 of a quart. Choice C (128 oz) is incorrect as it miscalculates the total number of ounces. Choice D (320 oz) is incorrect as it incorrectly multiplies 3.625 by 32, which is not the correct way to convert quarts to ounces.
2. Eighty percent of the class passed with a 75 or higher. If that percentage equals 24 students, how many students were in the whole class?
- A. 18
- B. 30
- C. 36
- D. 60
Correct answer: C
Rationale: If 80% of the class passed with a 75 or higher, and that equals 24 students, you can set up a proportion to find the total number of students in the class. Since 80% is equal to 24 students, 100% (the whole class) would be equal to (24/80) x 100 = 30 students. Therefore, the total number of students in the whole class is 30 / 80 x 100 = 36. Choice A (18) is incorrect as it does not match the calculation based on the information given. Choice B (30) is incorrect because it represents the intermediate calculation but not the total number of students in the class. Choice D (60) is incorrect as it is double the correct answer and does not align with the given information.
3. Which numeric system does not use place value?
- A. Roman
- B. Arabic
- C. Decimal
- D. Binary
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The Roman numeric system does not use place value as the Arabic, Decimal, and Binary systems do. In the Roman numeral system, the value of each symbol is independent of its position, unlike in the other systems where the position of a digit affects its value. This unique characteristic of Roman numerals distinguishes them from place-value systems like Arabic, Decimal, and Binary. Therefore, the correct answer is Roman (Choice A). Choices B, C, and D (Arabic, Decimal, and Binary) all utilize place value, where the position of a digit within a number determines its value, unlike Roman numerals.
4. Subtract 2 & 5/8 - 7/8 and reduce.
- A. 1 & 5/8
- B. 1 & 6/8
- C. 1 & 3/4
- D. 1 & ¼
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To subtract 7/8 from 2 & 5/8, you need to borrow 1 whole from the 2, making it 1 whole and 13/8. Then, subtracting 7/8 from 13/8 results in 6/8, which simplifies to 3/4. Therefore, the answer is 1 & 3/4. Choice A (1 & 5/8) is incorrect as the correct answer is 1 & 3/4. Choice B (1 & 6/8) can be simplified to 1 & 3/4, which is the correct answer. Choice D (1 & ¼) is incorrect as the subtraction result is greater than 1, making the whole number part 1.
5. A physician wants to prescribe 5 mg of a medication to a patient. The medication comes in a 2-mg dose per 1-mL vial. How many milliliters of the medication should the patient receive?
- A. 2.5 mL
- B. 2 mL
- C. 3 mL
- D. 1 mL
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To determine the amount of medication the patient should receive, divide the prescribed dose by the dose per mL in the vial. In this case, 5 mg ÷ 2 mg/mL = 2.5 mL. Therefore, the patient should receive 2.5 mL of the medication. Choice B (2 mL) is incorrect because it does not reflect the correct calculation. Choice C (3 mL) is incorrect as it is higher than the actual amount calculated. Choice D (1 mL) is incorrect as it is lower than the actual amount calculated.
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