HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. How many liters are in 300 milliliters?
- A. 0.3 liters
- B. 3 liters
- C. 0.03 liters
- D. 3.3 liters
Correct answer: A
Rationale: 300 milliliters is equivalent to 0.3 liters. To convert milliliters to liters, you need to move the decimal three places to the left. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Choice B (3 liters) is incorrect as it represents the conversion of 3000 milliliters. Choice C (0.03 liters) is incorrect as it represents the conversion of 30 milliliters. Choice D (3.3 liters) is also incorrect as it is not the correct conversion of 300 milliliters.
2. What is 75% of 80?
- A. 35
- B. 45
- C. 70
- D. 60
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To calculate 75% of 80, you multiply 0.75 by 80, which equals 60. Therefore, the correct answer is 60. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because they do not represent 75% of 80. Choice A (35) is close to 50% of 80, Choice B (45) is close to 56.25% of 80, and Choice C (70) exceeds 80.
3. What is the role of enzymes in the body?
- A. To produce energy
- B. To speed up chemical reactions
- C. To transport molecules
- D. To repair tissues
Correct answer: B
Rationale: Enzymes are biological catalysts that facilitate and speed up chemical reactions in the body. They do not produce energy but enable various processes such as digestion and metabolism by lowering the activation energy required for reactions to occur. Choice A is incorrect because enzymes do not produce energy themselves but assist in energy production through reactions. Choice C is incorrect as enzymes do not primarily function in transporting molecules, although some may have a role in specific transport processes. Choice D is incorrect as the primary role of enzymes is not to repair tissues, but rather to catalyze biochemical reactions.
4. The mail carrier's job is to put the _____ in every mailbox on the block.
- A. letter
- B. envelope
- C. package
- D. documents
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 'envelope.' The mail carrier typically delivers envelopes containing mail to every mailbox on the block. Envelopes are commonly used to protect and contain letters, making them the most suitable choice in this context. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because while the mail carrier may deliver letters, packages, or documents, the most common item placed in mailboxes is an envelope containing mail.
5. A nurse needs to administer 0.8 milliliters of medication. The only available syringe measures in teaspoons. How many teaspoons should the nurse use?
- A. 0.2 teaspoons
- B. 0.4 teaspoons
- C. 0.6 teaspoons
- D. 0.8 teaspoons
Correct answer: B
Rationale: 1 milliliter is approximately equal to 0.2 teaspoons. To find out how many teaspoons are in 0.8 milliliters, we can set up a proportion: 0.8 milliliters * 0.2 teaspoons/1 milliliter = 0.16 teaspoons. Since 0.16 teaspoons is not one of the answer choices, we need to convert it to a more practical measurement. The closest option is 0.4 teaspoons, making it the correct answer. Choice A, 0.2 teaspoons, is incorrect because 0.8 milliliters is more than that. Choices C and D, 0.6 teaspoons and 0.8 teaspoons, respectively, are also incorrect based on the conversion factor of 1 milliliter to 0.2 teaspoons.
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