HESI A2
Reading Comprehension HESI A2
1. How were white elephants regarded by the people of Siam?
- A. If a village elder received a white elephant, the entire village shared in the supply of meat.
- B. White elephants were highly prized as they were very hard workers in the cane fields.
- C. The people of Siam vied for the honor of receiving the king's gift or a white elephant.
- D. White elephants were a financial burden despite being considered sacred.
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C. In the culture of Siam, white elephants were highly regarded as sacred and receiving one as a gift from the king was considered an honor. It was a symbol of prestige and status to receive the king's gift of a white elephant. Option A is incorrect as white elephants were not used for meat supply. Option B is also incorrect as white elephants were not prized for their work but rather for their symbolic value. Option D is partially correct but does not capture the full significance of white elephants in Siam.
2. What is the probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die?
- A. 50%
- B. 66.70%
- C. 33.30%
- D. 25%
Correct answer: A
Rationale: A six-sided die has three odd numbers (1, 3, 5) out of six possible outcomes. To calculate the probability, divide the number of favorable outcomes (odd numbers) by the total number of outcomes: 3/6 = 0.5 or 50%. Therefore, the probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die is 50%. Choice A is correct. Choice B (66.70%) is incorrect as it does not represent the correct probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die. Choice C (33.30%) is incorrect as it represents the probability of rolling an even number. Choice D (25%) is incorrect as it does not reflect the correct probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die.
3. If a theory is obsolete, what is true of it?
- A. Up to date
- B. Outdated
- C. Innovative
- D. Scientific
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: 'Outdated.' When something is described as 'obsolete,' it means that it is outdated or no longer in use. Therefore, an obsolete theory is no longer current or relevant. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect because an obsolete theory is not considered up to date, innovative, or necessarily scientific; it is outdated and no longer relevant in its field.
4. Sally was able to eat 5/8 of her lunch. John ate 75% of his lunch. Who ate more?
- A. John
- B. Sally
- C. Both ate the same
- D. Cannot be determined
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To compare the portions eaten by Sally and John, it's necessary to express both in the same denominator. Since 75% is equivalent to 6/8, John ate 6/8 while Sally ate 5/8 of their lunches. Therefore, John ate more than Sally. Choice A is correct. Choice B is incorrect as John ate 6/8 compared to Sally's 5/8. Choice C is incorrect as the amounts eaten are different. Choice D is incorrect as it can be determined based on the given information.
5. Select the word that means 'an undesired problem that is the result of some other event.'
- A. Complication
- B. Complement
- C. Procedures
- D. Implemented
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is 'Complication.' A complication refers to a secondary issue or difficulty that arises unexpectedly due to another event. It represents an undesired outcome. Choice 'B: Complement' is incorrect as it means something that enhances or completes, not an undesired problem. Choice 'C: Procedures' is incorrect as it refers to methods or steps, not an undesired problem. Choice 'D: Implemented' is incorrect as it means carried out, not an undesired problem.
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