HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. Evaluate the following expression: -x + y + xy, when x = 4 and y = 2.
- A. 2
- B. 6
- C. 12
- D. 8
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To evaluate the expression, substitute x = 4 and y = 2 into the expression: -4 + 2 + 4*2. Calculate each term: -4 + 2 = -2, then 4*2 = 8. Adding these results gives -2 + 8 = 6. Therefore, the correct answer is 6. Choice A (2) is incorrect as it does not consider all terms in the expression. Choice C (12) is incorrect as it miscalculates the result by failing to account for the negative sign. Choice D (8) is incorrect as it doesn't consider the negative value of the first term in the expression.
2. What percentage of her income is left after Mary spent 15%?
- A. 12%
- B. 85%
- C. 75%
- D. 95%
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To determine the percentage of income remaining after spending 15%, subtract the percentage spent from 100% (100% - 15% = 85%). Therefore, Mary has 85% of her income left, which aligns with answer choice B. Choice A (12%) is incorrect because it represents the remaining amount after spending 88% of her income. Choice C (75%) is incorrect as it does not account for the 15% already spent. Choice D (95%) is incorrect as it does not consider the amount spent by Mary.
3. Compare: 0.045 is _____ to 0.054.
- A. Greater than
- B. Less than
- C. Less than or equal to
- D. Equal
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B. When comparing 0.045 and 0.054, 0.045 is less than 0.054. Therefore, the correct relation is 'Less than.' Choice A ('Greater than') is incorrect because 0.045 is not greater than 0.054. Choice C ('Less than or equal to') is incorrect because 0.045 is strictly less than 0.054, not less than or equal to. Choice D ('Equal') is incorrect because 0.045 and 0.054 are not equal.
4. A female ran a 24-mile course. Her first 6 miles took 1 hour, the second set of 6 miles took 1.2 hours, the third set of 6 miles took 1.5 hours, and the fourth set of 6 miles took 1.6 hours. How long did it take her to complete the course?
- A. 5.3 hours
- B. 4.5 hours
- C. 6 hours
- D. 7 hours
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To find the total time taken, add the time for each segment: 1 hour + 1.2 hours + 1.5 hours + 1.6 hours = 5.3 hours. Therefore, it took her 5.3 hours to complete the course. The other choices are incorrect because they do not accurately reflect the cumulative time calculated based on the given information.
5. After spending money on a sandwich, a drink, and a bag of chips, how much money did the man have left from his initial $10?
- A. $1.50
- B. $0.95
- C. $1.90
- D. $2.10
Correct answer: B
Rationale: After spending $6.50 on a sandwich, the man had $3.50 left. Then, after spending $1.80 on a drink, he had $1.70 left. Finally, he spent another $0.75 on a bag of chips. Subtracting $0.75 from $1.70 gives us $0.95, which is the amount of money he had left. Choice A is incorrect because it does not consider the bag of chips he bought. Choice C is incorrect as it miscalculates the remaining amount. Choice D is incorrect as it does not account for the total expenses.
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