HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Test 2023
1. Convert 3/8 to a decimal.
- A. 0.25
- B. 0.25
- C. 0.3
- D. 0.375
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To convert 3/8 to a decimal, divide 3 by 8: 3 ÷ 8 = 0.375. The correct answer is 0.375. Choice A (0.25), Choice B (0.25), and Choice C (0.3) are incorrect because they do not represent the equivalent decimal value of 3/8.
2. What is the correct name of ZnSO₄?
- A. Zinc sulfate
- B. Zinc sulfide
- C. Zinc sulfur
- D. Zinc oxide
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct name of ZnSO₄ is zinc sulfate. In this compound, zinc is combined with the polyatomic ion sulfate (SO₄). Sulfate is a common anion formed from sulfur and oxygen atoms. Therefore, the correct name for ZnSO₄ is zinc sulfate. Choice B, Zinc sulfide, is incorrect because sulfide is a different anion (S²⁻) compared to sulfate (SO₄²⁻). Choice C, Zinc sulfur, is incorrect as it does not represent the correct anion in the compound. Choice D, Zinc oxide, is incorrect as it involves an oxygen anion, not sulfate.
3. Amanda uses 100 N of force to push a lawnmower around her lawn. If she mows 20 rows measuring 30 meters each, how much work does she do?
- A. 3,000 N⋅m
- B. 6,000 N⋅m
- C. 60,000 N⋅m
- D. The answer cannot be determined from the information given.
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The work done by Amanda pushing the lawnmower is calculated by multiplying the force applied (100 N) by the distance over which the force is applied (the total distance mowed). Since Amanda mows 20 rows, each measuring 30 meters, the total distance mowed is 20 rows x 30 meters/row = 600 meters. Therefore, the work done is 100 N x 600 m = 60,000 N⋅m. Option A and B are incorrect as they do not account for the total distance mowed. Option D is incorrect as the work done can be accurately calculated based on the information provided.
4. Choose the two bases that have two carbon rings:
- A. Adenine
- B. Cytosine
- C. Thymine
- D. Guanine
Correct answer: A
Rationale: Adenine and guanine have two carbon rings and are known as purines. These bases are found in nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA. Adenine (option A) and guanine (option D) are the correct choices as they both have two carbon rings in their molecular structure. Cytosine (option B) and thymine (option C) have a single carbon ring each, making them incorrect choices for bases with two carbon rings.
5. A kite has a top base of 20cm, a bottom base of 30cm, and two equal side lengths of 15cm. What is its perimeter?
- A. 55cm
- B. 65cm
- C. 70cm
- D. 80cm
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To find the perimeter of a kite, you need to add the lengths of all its sides. In this case, the perimeter is calculated as the sum of the top base, bottom base, and twice the side length. Therefore, perimeter = top base + bottom base + 2 * side length = 20cm + 30cm + 2 * 15cm = 70cm. Choice A, B, and D are incorrect as they do not consider all sides of the kite in the calculation.
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