HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. What is 2/3 of 60 + 1/5 of 75?
- A. 45
- B. 55
- C. 15
- D. 50
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To solve the expression, first calculate 2/3 of 60 by multiplying 60 by 2/3, which equals 40. Then, calculate 1/5 of 75 by multiplying 75 by 1/5, which equals 15. Finally, add these results together: 40 + 15 = 55. Therefore, the correct answer is 55. Choice A (45) is incorrect because it seems to be the sum of the two fractions, not their individual calculations. Choice C (15) is incorrect because it only represents 1/5 of 75. Choice D (50) is incorrect as it might be a miscalculation of the sum of the two fractions.
2. Multiply: 25 × 4 = and express the result in decimal form.
- A. 0.01
- B. 0.1
- C. 1
- D. 10
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To multiply 25 by 4, you get 100. To express the result in decimal form, you divide by 100. Therefore, the result is 1. Choice A (0.01) is incorrect as it represents 1/100, not the result of 25 × 4. Choice B (0.1) is incorrect as it represents 1/10. Choice D (10) is incorrect as it is the result before converting it to decimal form.
3. Sally eats 3/5 of her lunch. John eats 75%. Who ate more?
- A. John
- B. Sally
- C. Both the same
- D. Neither
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To compare, convert both to decimals or percentages: Sally ate 3/5, which is 0.6 or 60%. John ate 75%. Since 75% is greater than 60%, John ate more than Sally. Thus, the correct answer is A. John. Choice B is incorrect because Sally ate a smaller percentage of her lunch compared to John. Choice C is incorrect as the percentages consumed are different. Choice D is incorrect as one of them ate more.
4. Convert 9/10 to a decimal.
- A. 0.7
- B. 0.8
- C. 0.9
- D. 1
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To convert 9/10 to a decimal, divide 9 by 10: 9 ÷ 10 = 0.9. The correct answer is 0.9. Choice A (0.7) is incorrect as 7/10 is equal to 0.7. Choice B (0.8) is incorrect as 8/10 is equal to 0.8. Choice D (1) is incorrect as 10/10 would be equal to 1.
5. The physician ordered 16 mg of Ibuprofen per kg of body weight; on hand are 80 mg tablets. The child weighs 15 kg. How many tablets will you give?
- A. 3 tablets
- B. 2 tablets
- C. 1 tablet
- D. 2.5 tablets
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To calculate the total dose required for the child, multiply the child's weight (15 kg) by the prescribed dose per kg (16 mg/kg): 15 kg * 16 mg/kg = 240 mg. Next, determine how many tablets are needed to reach this total dose: 240 mg / 80 mg per tablet = 3 tablets. However, since you cannot give a fraction of a tablet, the correct answer is 2 tablets. Choice A is incorrect because it miscalculates the number of tablets needed. Choice C is incorrect because only 1 tablet is not sufficient to reach the required dose. Choice D is incorrect because you cannot give a partial tablet, so it has to be rounded down to the nearest whole tablet.
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