HESI A2
HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test 2023
1. Which type of tissue connects bones to other bones?
- A. Tendons
- B. Ligaments
- C. Cartilage
- D. Muscles
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The correct answer is B: Ligaments. Ligaments are tough, flexible connective tissues that connect bones to other bones, providing stability and support to joints. Tendons (choice A) connect muscles to bones, enabling movement. Cartilage (choice C) is a firm, rubbery material that cushions bones at joints. Muscles (choice D) are contractile tissues responsible for movement. Therefore, when looking for the tissue that connects bones to other bones, ligaments are the most appropriate choice.
2. Multiply: 32 × 5 and express the result in decimal form.
- A. 0.0016
- B. 0.016
- C. 0.16
- D. 1.6
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To find the product of 32 and 5, you simply multiply the two numbers: 32 × 5 = 160. Therefore, when expressed in decimal form, the answer is 1.6. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect as they do not represent the correct multiplication result in decimal form. Choice A is way too small, choice B is also too small, and choice C is close but still not the correct result.
3. Select the correct word for the blank in the following sentence: Nurse Junko and ________ will review the patient’s chart.
- A. me
- B. she
- C. them
- D. him
Correct answer: B
Rationale: In this sentence, the correct word to use after 'and' is a pronoun that would refer to Nurse Junko as another person. Since 'Nurse Junko' is a singular female subject, the appropriate pronoun to use is 'she.' Therefore, the correct choice is 'she.' Choice 'A' ('me') is incorrect because it is an object pronoun, not a subject pronoun. Choice 'C' ('them') is incorrect because it is a plural pronoun and does not agree with the singular subject 'Nurse Junko.' Choice 'D' ('him') is incorrect because it is a masculine pronoun, while the subject 'Nurse Junko' is a singular female, so the pronoun should be feminine.
4. What is the probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die?
- A. 50%
- B. 66.70%
- C. 33.30%
- D. 25%
Correct answer: A
Rationale: A six-sided die has three odd numbers (1, 3, 5) out of six possible outcomes. To calculate the probability, divide the number of favorable outcomes (odd numbers) by the total number of outcomes: 3/6 = 0.5 or 50%. Therefore, the probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die is 50%. Choice A is correct. Choice B (66.70%) is incorrect as it does not represent the correct probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die. Choice C (33.30%) is incorrect as it represents the probability of rolling an even number. Choice D (25%) is incorrect as it does not reflect the correct probability of rolling an odd number on a six-sided die.
5. A table shows the average blood pressure readings for different age groups. How do you determine the highest average systolic pressure?
- A. Find the largest number in the "systolic pressure" column.
- B. Compare the means (averages) of each age group.
- C. Add all systolic pressure values and divide by the total number of patients.
- D. Subtract the lowest systolic pressure from the highest.
Correct answer: A
Rationale: Rationale: - To determine the highest average systolic pressure, you need to identify the highest individual systolic pressure reading in the dataset. - Option A instructs you to find the largest number in the "systolic pressure" column, which directly addresses the task of identifying the highest systolic pressure reading. - Comparing means (Option B) would not necessarily give you the highest individual systolic pressure reading, as averages can be influenced by the distribution of values within each age group. - Adding all systolic pressure values and dividing by the total number of patients (Option C) would give you the overall average systolic pressure, not the highest individual reading. - Subtracting the lowest systolic pressure from the highest (Option D) would give you the range of systolic pressures, not specifically the highest individual reading. Therefore, the correct approach to determine the highest average systolic pressure
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