HESI A2
HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology Quizlet
1. Which gland is located on top of the kidneys?
- A. Adrenal gland
- B. Thyroid gland
- C. Pineal gland
- D. Pancreas
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is the Adrenal gland. The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. They produce hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, which play essential roles in regulating metabolism, immune response, and stress in the body. The Thyroid gland, Pineal gland, and Pancreas are not located on top of the kidneys. The Thyroid gland is located in the neck, the Pineal gland in the brain, and the Pancreas behind the stomach.
2. You need 4/5 cups of water for a recipe. You accidentally put 1/3 cups into the mixing bowl with the dry ingredients. How much more water in cups do you need to add?
- A. 7/15 cups
- B. 2/3 cups
- C. 1/3 cups
- D. 1/15 cups
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To find how much more water is needed, subtract 1/3 cup from 4/5 cup. First, find a common denominator: The least common denominator between 5 and 3 is 15. Convert the fractions: 4/5 = 12/15, 1/3 = 5/15. Now, subtract: 12/15 - 5/15 = 7/15. Therefore, you need to add 7/15 cups of water. Choice B (2/3 cups) is incorrect because it does not represent the correct amount of additional water needed. Choice C (1/3 cups) is incorrect because this is the amount of water that was accidentally added. Choice D (1/15 cups) is incorrect as it does not reflect the correct calculation of the additional water required.
3. What is the result of the expression 4/5 + 6/7?
- A. 1 23/35
- B. 2 5/7
- C. 1 1/7
- D. 1 3/4
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To add fractions with different denominators, you first need to find a common denominator. In this case, the common denominator for 5 and 7 is 35. Then, convert each fraction to have a denominator of 35. 4/5 becomes 28/35, and 6/7 becomes 30/35. Adding these fractions together gives 58/35, which simplifies to 1 23/35. Therefore, the correct answer is A, 1 23/35. Choice B, 2 5/7, is incorrect because it does not match the correct result. Choice C, 1 1/7, is incorrect as it is not the simplified form of the sum of the fractions. Choice D, 1 3/4, is incorrect as it is a different result and not the sum of 4/5 and 6/7.
4. How many liters are in 120 milliliters?
- A. 1.2 liters
- B. 12 liters
- C. 1,200 liters
- D. 0.12 liters
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To convert milliliters to liters, divide the milliliters by 1000 since there are 1000 milliliters in a liter. In this case, 120 milliliters divided by 1000 equals 0.12 liters. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.12 liters. Choice A (1.2 liters) is incorrect as it incorrectly moved the decimal point. Choice B (12 liters) is incorrect as it incorrectly multiplied by 10 instead of dividing by 1000. Choice C (1,200 liters) is incorrect as it added an extra zero, resulting in a much larger value.
5. An object with a charge of 4 μC is placed 1 meter from another object with a charge of 2 μC. What is the magnitude of the resulting force between the objects?
- A. 0.04 N
- B. 0.072 N
- C. 80 N
- D. 8 × 10−6 N
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To find the magnitude of the resulting force between two charges, we can use Coulomb's law, which states that the force is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. The formula for Coulomb's law is: F = k × (|q1 × q2| / r²), where F is the force, k is the Coulomb constant, q1 and q2 are the charges, and r is the distance between the charges. Substituting the given values into the formula: F = (9 × 10⁹ N·m²/C²) × ((4 × 10⁻⁶ C) × (2 × 10⁻⁶ C) / (1 m)²) = 0.04 N. Therefore, the magnitude of the resulting force between the objects is 0.04 N.
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