HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice
1. Solve for y if y = 3: 4y + 21 / y.
- A. 7.7
- B. 19
- C. 23/3
- D. 11
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To solve for y, substitute y = 3 into the equation: 4(3) + 21 / 3 = 12 + 7 = 19. Therefore, the correct answer is 19. Choice A (7.7) is incorrect as it does not result from the substitution. Choice C (23/3) is incorrect as it does not match the calculated value. Choice D (11) is incorrect, as it is not the result of the provided equation.
2. Tamison bought 20 stamps for 29¢ each and 40 stamps for 42¢ each. If she gave the postal worker $25, how much change did she receive?
- A. $2.40
- B. $2.80
- C. $3.20
- D. $3.60
Correct answer: A
Rationale: First, calculate the total cost of the 20 stamps bought at 29¢ each: 20 stamps * 29¢ = $5.80. Next, calculate the total cost of the 40 stamps bought at 42¢ each: 40 stamps * 42¢ = $16.80. The total cost of all stamps is $5.80 + $16.80 = $22.60. If Tamison gave $25 to the postal worker, her change is $25 - $22.60 = $2.40. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Option B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not reflect the correct change Tamison received after buying the stamps.
3. Which type of muscle tissue is found in the walls of hollow organs?
- A. Skeletal muscle
- B. Cardiac muscle
- C. Smooth muscle
- D. Striated muscle
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Smooth muscle tissue is found in the walls of hollow organs such as the intestines, blood vessels, and bladder. It contracts involuntarily, allowing for functions like peristalsis in the intestines and regulation of blood flow in blood vessels. Skeletal muscle (Choice A) is attached to bones, cardiac muscle (Choice B) is found in the heart, and striated muscle (Choice D) refers to both skeletal and cardiac muscles due to their striped appearance, but neither of these types are typically found in the walls of hollow organs.
4. Write the date 1776 in Roman numerals.
- A. MDCCLXXVI
- B. MDDLXXI
- C. MCCDLXVI
- D. MCMLXXVI
Correct answer: A
Rationale: In Roman numerals, 1776 is correctly written as MDCCLXXVI. Here's the breakdown: M (1000) + D (500) + CCC (300) + L (50) + XX (20) + VI (6) = 1776. Therefore, the correct Roman numeral representation of the date 1776 is MDCCLXXVI. Choice A is correct because it follows the correct Roman numeral rules for representing 1776. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not add up to 1776 according to Roman numeral conventions.
5. Choose the meaning of the word 'adverse' in the following sentence: 'Occasionally, this medicine causes an adverse reaction.'
- A. Unfavorable
- B. Contrary
- C. Noticeable
- D. Startling
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The word 'adverse' in the sentence is most closely aligned with the meaning of 'unfavorable.' An adverse reaction to a medicine signifies a negative or harmful response, which supports the definition of unfavorable. Choice B, 'Contrary,' does not accurately capture the negative connotation associated with 'adverse.' Choice C, 'Noticeable,' does not reflect the meaning in the context provided. Choice D, 'Startling,' suggests a more sudden or surprising nature, which is not the primary meaning of 'adverse' in this context.
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