HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice
1. Solve for x: x + 44 / 2x = 11.
- A. 13
- B. 33
- C. 55
- D. 2.5
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To solve the equation x + 44 / 2x = 11, first, divide 44 by 2x to simplify it to x + 22/x = 11. Multiply through by x to clear the fraction, resulting in x^2 + 22 = 11x. Rearrange the terms to get x^2 - 11x + 22 = 0. Factor the quadratic equation to (x - 11)(x - 2) = 0. Therefore, x = 11 or x = 2. However, x cannot be 2 as it would make the denominator zero. Hence, x = 13. The correct answer is 13. Choice B (33) is incorrect as it is not a solution to the equation. Choice C (55) is incorrect as it is not a solution to the equation. Choice D (2.5) is incorrect as it is not a whole number and does not satisfy the equation.
2. Why does cytokinesis happen?
- A. DNA can duplicate
- B. Organelles can convert energy
- C. Bacteria can be killed
- D. Daughter cells can divide
Correct answer: D
Rationale: Cytokinesis happens at the end of mitosis to physically separate the newly formed daughter cells. This allows the cell to divide into two separate daughter cells, each containing a complete set of genetic material (DNA) and organelles. The purpose of cytokinesis is to ensure that each daughter cell receives the necessary components to function independently. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because cytokinesis does not directly involve DNA duplication, organelles converting energy, or killing bacteria.
3. Which is true of the term Phenotype?
- A. It is the genetic code
- B. Phenotype determines genotype
- C. Genotype determines phenotype
- D. Genotype, epigenetic factors, and environmental factors determine phenotype
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The term "phenotype" refers to the observable characteristics or traits of an organism, which are determined by a combination of genotype (genetic makeup), epigenetic factors (modifications to gene expression), and environmental factors (external influences and experiences). Genotype, epigenetic factors, and environmental factors all play a role in determining an individual's phenotype, making option D the correct statement. Options A, B, and C are incorrect because the phenotype is not the genetic code, the phenotype does not determine the genotype, and it is the genotype that influences the phenotype, not the other way around.
4. Round to the nearest whole number. Change the fraction to a percent: 17/80 =
- A. 20%
- B. 21%
- C. 22%
- D. 23%
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To convert 17/80 to a percent, we divide 17 by 80 to get 0.2125. Multiplying by 100, we get 21.25%. Rounding to the nearest whole number, 21.25% becomes 21%. Choice A (20%) is incorrect because rounding 21.25% down to the nearest whole number gives 21%. Choice C (22%) is incorrect as it is the next whole number after 21. Choice D (23%) is incorrect as it is more than 21.25% and thus rounds up to 22%.
5. What does the term inhibitors mean, as used in the second paragraph?
- A. Protectors
- B. Deterrents
- C. Stressors
- D. Transporters
Correct answer: B
Rationale: Inhibitors refer to substances that slow down or prevent a particular process, in this case, the buildup of uric acid.
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