HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice Exam
1. Jeff needed a 6 ft. rope. He found 2 pieces of rope and thought maybe he could tie them together. One rope was 40 inches and the other was 36 inches. How long would the rope be, and would he have enough rope if he ties them together?
- A. No, the rope would be 76 inches.
- B. Yes, the rope would be 76 inches.
- C. Yes, the rope would be 6 feet.
- D. No, the rope would be 6 feet.
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To convert 6 feet to inches, we multiply 6 by 12 (1 foot = 12 inches), giving us 72 inches needed. By adding the lengths of the two ropes (40 inches + 36 inches), Jeff would have a total of 76 inches, which is more than the 72 inches required. Therefore, he would have enough rope if he ties them together. Choice A and D are incorrect because they misinterpret the conversion from feet to inches. Choice C is incorrect as it does not consider the actual combined length of the two ropes.
2. Convert 0.007 kilograms to grams.
- A. 7 grams
- B. 70 grams
- C. 0.07 grams
- D. 0.70 grams
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert kilograms to grams, you need to multiply by 1000 since there are 1000 grams in a kilogram. Therefore, 0.007 kilograms is equal to 0.007 x 1000 = 7 grams. Choice A is correct. Choice B is incorrect as it incorrectly multiplies by 10 instead of 1000. Choice C is incorrect as it incorrectly moves the decimal point one place to the right. Choice D is incorrect as it incorrectly moves the decimal point two places to the right.
3. Reduce 5 & 3/4 divided by 1/2.
- A. 5 & 1/2
- B. 2 & 3/8
- C. 18
- D. 11 & 1/2
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To divide mixed numbers, convert them to improper fractions. 5 & 3/4 = 23/4 and 1/2 = 2/1. So, 23/4 ÷ 2/1 = 23/4 * 1/2 = 23/8 = 2 & 7/8. Therefore, 5 & 3/4 divided by 1/2 reduces to 11 & 1/2. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because they do not represent the correct result of dividing 5 & 3/4 by 1/2.
4. A store is offering a 25% discount on all items. If an item costs $120, what is the discounted price?
- A. $90
- B. $80
- C. $75
- D. $95
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To calculate the discounted price after a 25% discount on $120, you first find the discount amount by multiplying $120 by 0.25, which equals $30. Subtracting the discount amount from the original price gives the discounted price: $120 - $30 = $90. Therefore, the correct answer is $90. Choice B, $80, is incorrect as it does not consider the 25% discount. Choice C, $75, is incorrect as it is lower than the correct calculation. Choice D, $95, is incorrect as it does not reflect the reduction from the discount.
5. A person consumed 75 grams of protein. This is 30% of the recommended daily intake (RDI) for protein. How many grams of protein does the person need to consume to meet the full RDI?
- A. 250 grams
- B. 225 grams
- C. 260 grams
- D. 300 grams
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To find the full RDI, divide the amount of protein consumed (75 grams) by 30% (or 0.30): 75 ÷ 0.30 = 250 grams. Therefore, the person needs 250 grams of protein to meet the full RDI. Choice A is correct because it accurately calculates the amount needed to reach the full RDI. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not correctly calculate the total amount of protein needed based on the given information.
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