HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. In a local baseball team, 4 players, which represent 5% of the team, have long hair, and the rest have short hair. How many short-haired players are there on the team?
- A. 72
- B. 74
- C. 76
- D. 78
Correct answer: C
Rationale: Given that 4 players represent 5% of the team, let's denote the total number of players as x. The equation to represent this situation is 0.05x = 4. Solving for x, we get x = 80, which is the total number of players on the team. Since 4 players have long hair, the remaining players have short hair, which is 80 - 4 = 76. Therefore, there are 76 short-haired players on the team. Choices A, B, and D are incorrect as they do not consider the total number of players correctly, leading to inaccurate calculations.
2. What is 33% of 300?
- A. 3
- B. 9
- C. 33
- D. 99
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To find 33% of 300, you multiply 300 by 0.33 (which is the decimal equivalent of 33%). 300 * 0.33 = 99. Therefore, 33% of 300 equals 99. Choice A (3) is incorrect as it is too small for 33% of 300. Choice B (9) is incorrect as it does not reflect the correct calculation for finding 33% of 300. Choice C (33) is incorrect as it represents the percentage value itself, not the result of calculating 33% of 300.
3. Huntingtonâ€™s disease is carried on the dominant allele. In a situation where two heterozygous parents have the disease, what percentage of their offspring are predicted to be disease-free?
- A. 0%
- B. 25%
- C. 50%
- D. 100%
Correct answer: B
Rationale: In this scenario, both parents are heterozygous for Huntington's disease, meaning each carries one dominant allele (representing the disease) and one recessive allele (representing no disease). When they have offspring, there is a 25% chance that each child will inherit two recessive alleles, making them disease-free. The Punnett square for two heterozygous parents (Hh x Hh) yields a 25% probability of offspring being homozygous recessive (hh) and therefore disease-free. Choice A (0%) is incorrect because there is a possibility of disease-free offspring. Choice C (50%) is incorrect as it represents the likelihood of being a carrier. Choice D (100%) is incorrect as all offspring will not be disease-free in this scenario.
4. What is the result of adding 9.43 and 11.3?
- A. 20.73
- B. 21.3
- C. 22
- D. 19.5
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 20.73. To calculate the sum of 9.43 and 11.3, you simply add the two numbers together. Therefore, 9.43 + 11.3 equals 20.73. Choice B (21.3) is incorrect because it represents the sum of rounding the numbers up. Choice C (22) and choice D (19.5) are also incorrect as they do not accurately reflect the sum of the provided numbers.
5. What creates a dipole in a covalent bond?
- A. Unequal sharing of electrons
- B. Equal sharing of electrons
- C. Exchange of electrons
- D. Transfer of electrons
Correct answer: A
Rationale: A dipole is created in a covalent bond when there is an unequal sharing of electrons between the atoms involved. This results in a partial positive charge on one atom and a partial negative charge on the other, leading to a separation of charges and the formation of a dipole. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect because a dipole is specifically formed due to unequal sharing of electrons, not equal sharing, exchange, or transfer of electrons in a covalent bond.
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