HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. In a survey, 120 people were asked if they could swim. If 85% said they could, how many people could swim?
- A. 100
- B. 102
- C. 110
- D. 90
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To find the number of people who could swim, multiply the total number surveyed by the percentage who said they could swim. In this case, 85% of 120 people is calculated as 0.85 * 120, resulting in 102 people who could swim. Choice A (100) is incorrect because this does not account for the percentage that said they could swim. Choice C (110) is incorrect as it is above the total number surveyed. Choice D (90) is incorrect as it does not consider the percentage who said they could swim.
2. What is the primary function of the immune system?
- A. To transport oxygen
- B. To fight infections
- C. To produce energy
- D. To regulate body temperature
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The primary function of the immune system is to fight infections. It identifies and destroys pathogens like bacteria and viruses, protecting the body from harmful substances. While oxygen transportation is carried out by the respiratory system, energy production is mainly the role of the metabolic system, and body temperature regulation is managed by the thermoregulatory system. These functions are separate from the immune system's primary role of defending the body against infections.
3. Select the word that makes the following sentence grammatically correct. She is very caring; ___________, she needs more training before she is ready to work in the hospital.
- A. also
- B. nevertheless
- C. hitherto
- D. otherwise
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The word 'nevertheless' is used to show contrast or contradiction between two ideas. In this sentence, acknowledging the positive quality of being caring but stating that more training is needed presents a contrast. Therefore, 'nevertheless' is the appropriate word to bridge the two ideas together logically. Choices A, C, and D do not convey the intended contrast between the two parts of the sentence, making them grammatically incorrect in this context.
4. How many ounces are in 3 quarts?
- A. 64 ounces
- B. 32 ounces
- C. 48 ounces
- D. 96 ounces
Correct answer: D
Rationale: There are 32 ounces in a quart. Therefore, 3 quarts would be equal to 3 quarts x 32 ounces = 96 ounces. The correct answer is D. Choice A, 64 ounces, is incorrect as it miscalculates the conversion from quarts to ounces. Choice B, 32 ounces, is the conversion for 1 quart, not 3 quarts. Choice C, 48 ounces, is also an incorrect calculation, not considering the correct conversion rate.
5. Which conclusion can be drawn from Ohmâ€™s law?
- A. Voltage and current are inversely proportional when resistance is constant.
- B. The ratio of the potential difference between the ends of a conductor to current is a constant, R.
- C. Voltage is the amount of charge that passes through a point per second.
- D. Power (P) can be calculated by multiplying current (I) by voltage (V).
Correct answer: B
Rationale: Ohm's law states that the ratio of the potential difference (voltage) between the ends of a conductor to the current flowing through it is a constant. Mathematically, this is represented as V = I x R, where V is voltage, I is current, and R is the constant resistance. Therefore, the correct conclusion that can be drawn from Ohm's law is that the ratio of the potential difference between the ends of a conductor to current is a constant, denoted as R. This relationship is fundamental to understanding the behavior of electrical circuits and the effect of resistance on voltage and current. Choice A is incorrect because Ohm's law actually states that voltage and current are directly proportional when resistance is constant. Choice C is incorrect because voltage is not the amount of charge that passes through a point per second; rather, it is the electric potential energy per unit charge. Choice D is incorrect because although power (P) can be calculated by multiplying current (I) by voltage (V), this is not a conclusion directly drawn from Ohm's law.
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