HESI A2
HESI A2 Math Practice
1. If the quotient is 4 and the dividend is 12, what is the divisor?
- A. 3
- B. 6
- C. 4
- D. 9
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To find the divisor, you need to divide the dividend by the quotient. In this case, the dividend is 12 and the quotient is 4. Dividing 12 by 4 gives you the divisor, which is 3. Therefore, the correct answer is 4. Choices A, B, and D are incorrect because they do not result from dividing the dividend by the quotient in this scenario.
2. Which is another name for thiamine?
- A. Vitamin B1
- B. Vitamin B2
- C. Vitamin B6
- D. Vitamin D
Correct answer: A
Rationale: Thiamine is another name for Vitamin B1. It is an essential vitamin that plays a crucial role in energy metabolism and is important for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin B2 is riboflavin, not thiamine. Vitamin B6 is pyridoxine, not thiamine. Vitamin D is a different vitamin responsible for calcium absorption and bone health, not thiamine. Therefore, the correct answer is Vitamin B1.
3. An airplane travels 500 miles northeast and then, on the return trip, travels 500 miles southwest. Which of the following is true?
- A. The displacement of the plane is 1,000 miles, and the distance traveled is 0 miles.
- B. The displacement of the plane is 1,000 miles, and the distance traveled is 1,000 miles.
- C. The displacement of the plane is 0 miles, and the distance traveled is 0 miles.
- D. The displacement of the plane is 0 miles, and the distance traveled is 1,000 miles.
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The displacement of an object is the change in position from the starting point to the ending point, regardless of the path taken. In this case, the airplane returns to its original position after traveling 500 miles northeast and then 500 miles southwest. Therefore, the displacement is 0 miles. However, the distance traveled is the total path covered, which is 500 miles northeast plus 500 miles southwest, for a total of 1,000 miles. Choice A is incorrect because the displacement is not the sum of the distances traveled. Choice B is incorrect as it incorrectly states that both the displacement and the distance traveled are 1,000 miles. Choice C is incorrect as it states that both the displacement and the distance traveled are 0 miles, which is not the case.
4. What type of reaction occurs when an acid and a base react to form water and salt?
- A. Neutralization reaction
- B. Decomposition reaction
- C. Combustion reaction
- D. Redox reaction
Correct answer: A
Rationale: A neutralization reaction is the correct answer. In this type of reaction, an acid and a base combine to form water and salt. The acid donates a proton (H+) to the base, forming water, while the remaining ions combine to form a salt. This reaction results in the neutralization of both the acid and the base, hence the name 'neutralization reaction.' Choice B, decomposition reaction, is incorrect because it refers to a reaction where a compound breaks down into simpler substances. Choice C, combustion reaction, is incorrect as it involves a substance reacting with oxygen to produce heat and light. Choice D, redox reaction, is incorrect because it involves the transfer of electrons between reactants.
5. A mother is planning a birthday party. She will give each child 15 balloons. There are 50 balloons per packet. How many packets does the mother need if there will be 16 children?
- A. 17
- B. 5
- C. 6
- D. 50
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To calculate the total number of balloons needed, multiply the number of children by the balloons each child will receive: 16 children * 15 balloons = 240 balloons. Since there are 50 balloons per packet, divide the total number of balloons needed by the balloons per packet: 240 balloons รท 50 balloons per packet = 4.8 packets. As you cannot buy a fraction of a packet, the mother will need to round up to the nearest whole number of packets, which is 5. Therefore, the correct answer is 5 packets. Choice A (17) is incorrect because it does not accurately calculate the number of packets needed. Choice C (6) is incorrect as it overestimates the number of packets required. Choice D (50) is incorrect as it does not consider the number of children and balloons per child in the calculation.
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