HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. How many ounces are in a ton?
- A. 32,000 ounces
- B. 30,000 ounces
- C. 35,000 ounces
- D. 40,000 ounces
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 32,000 ounces. A ton is equivalent to 2,000 pounds. Since each pound contains 16 ounces, you can calculate the total number of ounces in a ton by multiplying 2,000 pounds by 16 ounces, which equals 32,000 ounces. Choice B (30,000 ounces), Choice C (35,000 ounces), and Choice D (40,000 ounces) are incorrect because they do not correctly calculate the number of ounces in a ton based on the conversion of pounds to ounces.
2. Which mineral is important for the formation of red blood cells?
- A. Selenium
- B. Calcium
- C. Magnesium
- D. Copper
Correct answer: D
Rationale: Copper is crucial for the formation of red blood cells as it is a component of enzymes involved in the production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body, requires copper for its synthesis. A deficiency in copper can result in anemia due to insufficient production of red blood cells. Selenium, calcium, and magnesium do not play a direct role in red blood cell formation, making them incorrect choices for this question.
3. Solve for x: 3(x - 4) = 18.
- A. x = 10
- B. x = 12
- C. x = 5
- D. x = 3
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To solve the equation, begin by distributing the 3 on the left side: 3x - 12 = 18. Next, add 12 to both sides to isolate x: 3x = 30. Finally, divide by 3 to determine the value of x: x = 10. Therefore, the correct answer is x = 10. Choice B, x = 12, is incorrect as the correct value of x is 10, not 12. Choice C, x = 5, is incorrect as it does not satisfy the equation after substitution. Choice D, x = 3, is incorrect as it does not fulfill the equation when substituted back.
4. A closed system undergoes a cyclic process, returning to its initial state. What can be said about the net work done (Wnet) by the system over the entire cycle?
- A. Wnet is always positive.
- B. Wnet is always negative.
- C. Wnet can be positive, negative, or zero.
- D. Wnet is equal to the total heat transferred into the system (dQ ≠ 0 for a cycle).
Correct answer: C
Rationale: For a closed system undergoing a cyclic process and returning to its initial state, the net work done (Wnet) over the entire cycle can be positive, negative, or zero. This is because the work done is determined by the area enclosed by the cycle on a P-V diagram, and this area can be above, below, or intersecting the zero work axis, leading to positive, negative, or zero net work done. Choice A is incorrect because Wnet is not always positive; it depends on the specific path taken on the P-V diagram. Choice B is incorrect as Wnet is not always negative; it varies based on the enclosed area. Choice D is incorrect because Wnet is not necessarily equal to the total heat transferred into the system; it depends on the specifics of the cycle and is not a direct relationship.
5. How many times more acidic is a substance with a pH of 3 compared to a substance with a pH of 5?
- A. 8
- B. 2
- C. 100
- D. 1,000
Correct answer: D
Rationale: The pH scale is logarithmic, indicating that each pH unit change reflects a 10-fold difference in acidity level. Going from pH 5 to pH 3 involves a difference of 2 units, which translates to a 100-fold increase in acidity level (10^2 = 100 for each unit). Therefore, a substance with a pH of 3 is 1,000 times more acidic than a substance with a pH of 5 (100 * 10 = 1,000). Choice A (8) is incorrect as it does not consider the logarithmic nature of the pH scale. Choice B (2) is incorrect because it represents the difference in pH units, not the increase in acidity level. Choice C (100) is incorrect as it miscalculates the increase in acidity level, which is 1,000 times and not 100 times.
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