HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. How many meters are in 3 kilometers?
- A. 3000 meters
- B. 2000 meters
- C. 3500 meters
- D. 2500 meters
Correct answer: A
Rationale: The correct answer is A: 3000 meters. To convert kilometers to meters, you need to know that there are 1000 meters in 1 kilometer. Therefore, to find the number of meters in 3 kilometers, you multiply 3 by 1000, resulting in 3000 meters. Choice B, 2000 meters, is incorrect as it doesn't account for the correct conversion factor. Choice C, 3500 meters, and Choice D, 2500 meters, are also incorrect as they provide inaccurate conversions.
2. For his daily commute, Paul drives about 115 miles round trip. If he fills up his gas tank with 9 gallons every other day, about how many miles per gallon is his car averaging?
- A. 12.8
- B. 23
- C. 25.6
- D. 57.5
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To find the miles per gallon Paul's car is averaging, we first need to determine the miles he drives on 9 gallons of gas. Since he drives about 115 miles round trip daily, he covers approximately 115/2 = 57.5 miles one way. If he fills up his gas tank with 9 gallons every other day, he covers 115 miles every 2 days. This means his car is averaging around 57.5 miles per 9 gallons, which equals approximately 6.38 miles per gallon. As he uses 9 gallons every other day, his car averages about 6.38 * 2 = 12.76 miles per gallon. Among the given options, the closest value to this calculation is option C, 25.6 miles per gallon. Choice A is incorrect because it does not accurately reflect the mileage per gallon calculation. Choice B is incorrect as it is not the closest to the calculated value. Choice D is incorrect as it is significantly higher than the calculated mileage per gallon.
3. Change 0.004 to a ratio.
- A. 1:250
- B. 17:40
- C. 9:20
- D. 20:40
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To convert 0.004 to a ratio, first express it as a fraction. 0.004 = 4/1000 = 1/250. Therefore, the ratio is 1:250. Choice A is the correct answer. Choices B, C, and D are incorrect ratios as they do not represent the equivalent fraction of 0.004.
4. Multiply: 15 × 52 =
- A. 0.0078
- B. 0.078
- C. 0.78
- D. 7.8
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To find the product of 15 and 52, you simply multiply them together: 15 x 52 = 780. Therefore, the correct answer is 7.8. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect as they represent fractions or decimals much smaller than the correct product of 780.
5. Solve: 8x = x^2.
- A. 6
- B. 4
- C. 16
- D. 14
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To solve the equation 8x = x^2, rearrange it to x^2 - 8x = 0. Factor out an x to get x(x - 8) = 0. Set each factor to zero to find the solutions: x = 0 or x = 8. Therefore, x = 16 is the correct answer because x = 0 is not in the answer choices, and x = 8 is a distraction meant to confuse. Thus, choice C, 16, is the correct solution to the equation.
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