HESI A2
Math HESI A2 Practice Test
1. Add: 3 1/8 + 1 1/4.
- A. 4 3/8
- B. 4 1/2
- C. 4 3/4
- D. 5 1/4
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To add mixed numbers, first add the fractions: 1/8 + 1/4 = 3/8. Then, add the whole numbers: 3 + 1 = 4. Therefore, 3 1/8 + 1 1/4 = 4 3/8. Choice B (4 1/2) is incorrect because the fractions were not added correctly, leading to an incorrect result. Choice C (4 3/4) is incorrect as it does not represent the correct sum of the two mixed numbers. Choice D (5 1/4) is incorrect as it provides a result that is higher than the correct sum of the mixed numbers.
2. What does 'Impaired' mean?
- A. Increased capability
- B. Diminished or lacking usual quality
- C. Hyperactive
- D. Stronger than usual
Correct answer: B
Rationale: The term 'Impaired' means diminished or lacking usual quality. This choice is correct as it accurately reflects the meaning of the word. Choices A, C, and D are incorrect. Choice A, 'Increased capability,' is the opposite of impaired. Choice C, 'Hyperactive,' refers to excessive activity rather than a lack of usual quality. Choice D, 'Stronger than usual,' does not capture the meaning of impaired.
3. Roger's car gets an average of 25 miles per gallon. If his gas tank holds 16 gallons, how far can he drive on a full tank?
- A. 41 miles
- B. 100 miles
- C. 400 miles
- D. 320 miles
Correct answer: C
Rationale: To calculate the distance Roger can drive on a full tank, multiply the number of gallons in his tank by the average miles per gallon his car gets. 16 gallons x 25 miles per gallon = 400 miles. Therefore, Roger can drive 400 miles on a full tank. Choice A (41 miles) is incorrect as it does not consider the tank's full capacity. Choice B (100 miles) is incorrect as it does not account for the full tank's capacity and the average miles per gallon. Choice D (320 miles) is incorrect as it miscalculates the total distance based on the given information.
4. A farmer wants to plant trees at the outside boundaries of his rectangular field with dimensions 650 meters × 780 meters. Each tree requires 5 meters of free space all around it from the stem. How much free area will be left?
- A. 478,800 m²
- B. 492,800 m²
- C. 507,625 m²
- D. 518,256 m²
Correct answer: A
Rationale: To calculate the area taken by the trees, we need to account for the space each tree requires. Each tree needs 5 meters of free space all around it, totaling 10 meters added to each dimension. Therefore, the new dimensions of the field are (650-10) meters by (780-10) meters. Calculating the area of the new field: (640m × 770m = 492,800m²). To find the free area remaining, subtract the new field's area from the original field's area: 507,000m² - 492,800m² = 14,200m². Therefore, the free area left after planting the trees is 14,200m². Choice A is the correct answer as it represents the free area left after planting the trees.
5. The passage implies that?
- A. Bridge can be learned with time and effort.
- B. Bridge is only for older people
- C. Playing bridge requires concentration
- D. Bridge is an extremely easy game to play
Correct answer: C
Rationale: The correct answer is C, as the passage indirectly implies that playing bridge requires concentration. This is evident when the passage discusses the custom of giving white elephants in Siam, suggesting that taking care of a white elephant was a burdensome responsibility, requiring focus and concentration. Choice A is incorrect because the passage does not explicitly state that Bridge is easy, but rather mentions that it can be complicated for beginners. Choice B is incorrect as the passage does not mention age as a factor for playing Bridge.
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