HESI A2
HESI A2 Quizlet Math
1. When a die is rolled, what is the probability of rolling an odd number?
- A. 16.67%
- B. 33.33%
- C. 75%
- D. 50%
Correct answer: D
Rationale: When a die is rolled, there are 3 odd numbers (1, 3, 5) out of a total of 6 possible outcomes. The probability of rolling an odd number is calculated by dividing the number of favorable outcomes (3) by the total number of outcomes (6), resulting in a probability of 3/6 or 50%. Therefore, the correct answer is D. Choices A, B, and C are incorrect because they do not reflect the correct probability calculation for rolling an odd number on a standard six-sided die.
2. Tamison bought 20 stamps for 29¢ each and 40 stamps for 42¢ each. If she gave the postal worker $25, how much change did she receive?
- A. $2.40
- B. $2.80
- C. $3.20
- D. $3.60
Correct answer: A
Rationale: First, calculate the total cost of the 20 stamps bought at 29¢ each: 20 stamps * 29¢ = $5.80. Next, calculate the total cost of the 40 stamps bought at 42¢ each: 40 stamps * 42¢ = $16.80. The total cost of all stamps is $5.80 + $16.80 = $22.60. If Tamison gave $25 to the postal worker, her change is $25 - $22.60 = $2.40. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Option B, C, and D are incorrect as they do not reflect the correct change Tamison received after buying the stamps.
3. Which of the following percentages is equal to 0.45?
- A. 4.5%
- B. 0.045%
- C. 0.45%
- D. 45%
Correct answer: D
Rationale: To convert 0.45 to a percentage, you multiply by 100: 0.45 × 100 = 45%. Therefore, the correct answer is D. 45%. Choice A, 4.5%, is incorrect. This percentage would be equal to 0.045, not 0.45. Choice B, 0.045%, is also incorrect. It represents 0.045, not 0.45. Choice C, 0.45%, is very close to the correct answer but actually represents 0.0045, not 0.45.
4. A hospital day staff consists of 25 registered nurses, 75 unlicensed assistants, 5 phlebotomists, 6 receptionists, and 45 physicians. On one particular day, the staff was at only 68% strength. How many people were working that day? (Round to the nearest whole number).
- A. 102
- B. 106
- C. 98
- D. 110
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To find the total staff working that day, add up all the staff members: 25 registered nurses + 75 unlicensed assistants + 5 phlebotomists + 6 receptionists + 45 physicians = 156 staff members. Since the staff was at 68% strength, multiply 156 by 0.68 to get 106. Therefore, approximately 106 people were working that day. Choice A, 102, is incorrect because it underestimates the total staff. Choice C, 98, is incorrect because it is too low. Choice D, 110, is incorrect because it overestimates the total staff.
5. How many pints are there in 4 quarts?
- A. 2 pints
- B. 8 pints
- C. 16 pints
- D. 32 pints
Correct answer: B
Rationale: To convert quarts to pints, we know that 1 quart is equivalent to 2 pints. Therefore, to find out how many pints are in 4 quarts, we multiply 2 pints by 4, which equals 8 pints. Hence, the correct answer is 8 pints. Choice A (2 pints) is incorrect because it represents the conversion of 1 quart, not 4 quarts. Choice C (16 pints) and Choice D (32 pints) are incorrect as they miscalculate the conversion by not considering the correct conversion factor of 2 pints per quart.
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